- High-wheel horseless-carriage designed to travel on rutted, dirt roads.
- Chain-driven with sold rubber tires.
- Air-cooled engine eliminated need to drain the radiator in the winter (before the invention of anti-freeze).
The Black Manufacturing Company of Chicago, Illinois, produced high-wheel buggies from 1903 to 1909. The Black automobiles were powered by 2-cylinder, 14 hp, air-cooled engines. They used chain drive and solid rubber tires. Advertised top speed was 25 mph. Blacks, like other high-wheelers, were marketed primarily in rural areas where deeply rutted dirt (and mud) roads made the high ground clearance desirable.
In late 1909, the company took over the distribution of a new conventional 4-cylinder car, which it called the Black Crow made by the Crow Motor Car Company of Elkhart, Indiana. Late in 1910, the Black company was liquidated and in 1911, the name Crow-Elkhart was adopted.