- This 1914 Fiat is one of only two American-built Fiats known to exist.
- It was built in Poughkeepsie, New York, with the same construction process as in the Turin, Italy, factory.
- Fiats were made in the U.S. to eliminate payment of a 45% duty imposed on all imported autos and gain a larger share of the American market by price reduction.
There was something special in the pride of ownership of an Italian Fiat. Fiat automobiles were noted for their elegant finish and appointments, noiseless operations, simplicity of mechanism, reliability and speed. In the early days of motoring, Fiat won more great racing victories than any other automobile and Fiat was one of the first automobile manufacturers to produce a successful 6-cylinder engine.
In 1910, Fiat sought to increase its share of the American market, which was the world’s largest, by establishing a branch factory at Poughkeepsie, New York. The American location made it possible to eliminate payment of a 45% duty imposed on all imported autos. The parent company furnished the engineering staff, working drawings, and some of the materials and parts. The processes of construction were identical in Poughkeepsie to those in Turin, Italy. Rolls-Royce, Mercedes-Benz, and others also established American factories during this period to make their cars more price-competitive with U.S. models. Production at the Poughkeepsie factory ceased in 1918.
This 1914 American-built Fiat is one of only two known to exist.